Historical Bits and Pieces

During the first century AD the languages used in Britain were Brythonic, by the native tribal peoples, and Latin by the Roman invaders. In The Druid Chronicles I’ve used words not in common usage in the English language until the 1500s and later, on the reasoning these people had words of similar meaning in their own languages at that time.


Distinctive pottery storage vessel exported throughout the Roman Empire, usually containing wine, oil or fish sauce.


Known as the land of the Picts (or Pictland) to the natives of Britain and Cymru and Caledonia to the Romans


Known as Camulodunon to the natives of Britain and Cymru and Camulodunum to the Romans


It is likely the Romans who referred to the tribal peoples as “Celts”. They would have referred to themselves by their tribal names. In Cymru during the first century AD the major tribes were the Silures, the Ordovices, the Deceangli and the Demetaes. For clarity, I’ve taken the liberty of calling the peoples of Cymru “Celts”.


Ancient name for Wales. Known to the Romans as Cambria


There is little direct archaeological evidence for the traditions of the original Druids. Most of what we know about them come from contemporary Roman writers, and since they were the conquerors their accounts are likely biased. Druids are described as being the priests of Celtic society, responsible for law making and the keepers of knowledge and wisdom. They, unfortunately for us, didn’t believe in writing their knowledge down. Instead they passed on their wisdom through oral teachings, a process that could take twenty years.

The Isle of Mon, known as the Isle of Mona by the Romans (present day Isle of Anglesey off the north-west coast of Wales) was the spiritual home of the Druids and a stronghold for the resistance against the conquering Roman legions.

The Eagle/Aquila

A legionary known as the Aquilifer was responsible for carrying the eagle standard of a Roman legion. It was a rallying point for the legionaries in the chaos of battle, a symbol of their power and signified the honor of Rome herself. Losing the aquila in battle was a great disgrace.


The name for what is now France, Belgium and parts of the Netherlands and Germany. Called Gallia by the Romans.

Hades & Tartarus

Hades was the Underworld of classical mythology, the place where souls or spirits went after death. Tartarus was the fourth region of Hades where the souls of the evil dead were sent for eternal torment.


A military unit recruited from Roman citizens.